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For general enquiries, please look at our support information.

Submissions

Manuscripts should be submitted through our online submission system. We will acknowledge receipt of your submitted manuscript by email.

For all queries please contact - journalsubmissions@springernature.com

Annual Journal Metrics

  • 2022 Citation Impact
    4.0 - 2-year Impact Factor
    7.0 - 5-year Impact Factor
    2.055 - SNIP (Source Normalized Impact per Paper)
    1.778 - SJR (SCImago Journal Rank)

    2022 Speed
    34 days submission to first editorial decision for all manuscripts (Median)
    175 days submission to accept (Median)

    2022 Usage 
    4,429,699 downloads
    14,945 Altmetric mentions 

Peer-review Terminology

  • The following summary describes the peer review process for this journal:

    Identity transparency: Single anonymized

    Reviewer interacts with: Editor

    Review information published: Review reports. Reviewer Identities reviewer opt in. Author/reviewer communication

    More information is available here

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