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Table 2 Environment ratings by advertisement-recruited participants bicycle-commuting in both inner urban and suburban areas

From: Bikeability and methodological issues using the active commuting route environment scale (ACRES) in a metropolitan setting

  Women (n = 286-302) Men (n = 247-253)
  Inner urban Suburban Difference Inner urban Suburban Difference
Item Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD p-value Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD p-value
1. On the whole 8.49 ± 3.41 1 - 15 11.25 ± 2.82 2 - 15 -2.77 ± 3.51 0.000 8.49 ± 3.29 1 - 15 11.15 ± 2.68 3 - 15 -2.66 ± 3.56 0.000
2. Hinders or stimulates 9.13 ± 3.49 1 - 15 11.28 ± 2.93 1 - 15 -2.15 ± 3.76 0.000 8.92 ± 3.08 1 - 15 10.82 ± 2.86 1 - 15 -1.90 ± 3.36 0.000
3. Exhaust fumes 10.44 ± 3.24 1 - 15 7.53 ± 3.46 1 - 15 2.91 ± 4.12 0.000 9.02 ± 3.21 1 - 15 6.36 ± 3.28 1 - 15 2.66 ± 3.63 0.000
4. Noise 10.23 ± 3.11 1 - 15 7.67 ± 3.60 1 - 15 2.56 ± 3.96 0.000 8.74 ± 3.02 1 - 15 6.84 ± 3.29 1 - 15 1.90 ± 3.74 0.000
5. Flow of motor vehicles 11.43 ± 3.40 1 - 15 8.18 ± 3.94 1 - 15 3.25 ± 4.59 0.000 10.55 ± 3.67 1 - 15 7.66 ± 3.79 1 - 15 2.89 ± 4.70 0.000
6. Speeds of motor vehicles 9.74 ± 2.88 1 - 15 8.99 ± 3.32 1 - 15 0.74 ± 3.56 0.000 8.73 ± 2.77 1 - 15 8.79 ± 2.89 1 - 15 -0.06 ± 2.81 0.754
7. Speeds of bicyclists 9.94 ± 2.73 1 - 15 9.92 ± 2.59 1 - 15 0.03 ± 2.45 0.851 7.76 ± 2.84 1 - 15 8.06 ± 2.62 1 - 15 -0.29 ± 2.13 0.031
8. Congestion: all types of vehicles 10.72 ± 3.52 1 - 15 6.74 ± 3.42 1 - 15 3.98 ± 4.20 0.000 10.14 ± 3.42 1 - 15 5.46 ± 3.08 1 - 15 4.68 ± 4.08 0.000
9. Congestion: bicyclists 9.31 ± 3.81 1 - 15 6.26 ± 3.76 1 - 15 3.04 ± 4.35 0.000 8.64 ± 3.90 1 - 15 4.99 ± 3.29 1 - 15 3.65 ± 4.31 0.000
10. Conflicts 8.14 ± 3.82 1 - 15 5.44 ± 3.63 1 - 15 2.70 ± 4.00 0.000 8.56 ± 3.77 1 - 15 5.19 ± 3.47 1 - 15 3.37 ± 3.88 0.000
11. Bicycle paths* 6.37 ± 2.95 0 - 10 7.67 ± 2.35 0 - 10 -1.30 ± 3.75 0.000 5.90 ± 2.77 0 - 10 7.42 ± 2.30 0 - 10 -1.52 ± 3.41 0.000
12. Traffic: unsafe or safe 8.24 ± 3.89 1 - 15 11.29 ± 2.99 2 - 15 -3.05 ± 3.96 0.000 8.68 ± 3.55 1 - 15 11.55 ± 2.82 1 - 15 -2.87 ± 3.40 0.000
13. Greenery 7.09 ± 4.11 1 - 15 10.96 ± 3.43 1 - 15 -3.86 ± 4.68 0.000 6.72 ± 3.88 1 - 15 10.84 ± 2.98 1 - 15 -4.12 ± 4.29 0.000
14. Ugly or beautiful 9.88 ± 3.35 1 - 15 10.74 ± 3.08 1 - 15 -0.86 ± 4.12 0.000 9.84 ± 3.22 1 - 15 10.21 ± 2.99 1 - 15 -0.37 ± 4.01 0.145
15. Course of the route 6.98 ± 3.86 1 - 15 5.41 ± 3.51 1 - 15 1.57 ± 3.98 0.000 7.48 ± 4.01 1 - 15 5.60 ± 3.65 1 - 15 1.89 ± 3.60 0.000
16. Hilliness 5.20 ± 3.70 1 - 15 6.61 ± 4.16 1 - 15 -1.41 ± 3.79 0.000 5.07 ± 3.44 1 - 13 6.24 ± 3.83 1 - 15 -1.17 ± 2.91 0.000
17. Red lights 8.06 ± 4.62 1 - 15 3.98 ± 3.48 1 - 15 4.08 ± 5.20 0.000 8.25 ± 4.33 1 - 15 4.50 ± 3.46 1 - 15 3.75 ± 4.88 0.000
18. Short or long 6.78 ± 2.98 1 - 15 7.78 ± 3.02 1 - 15 -1.00 ± 3.95 0.000 6.95 ± 2.32 1 - 14 7.85 ± 2.71 1 - 14 -0.90 ± 3.10 0.000
  1. *Minimal value = 0 and maximal value = 10.