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Table 3 Environment ratings by street-recruited participants bicycle-commuting in both inner urban and suburban areas

From: Bikeability and methodological issues using the active commuting route environment scale (ACRES) in a metropolitan setting

  Women (n = 32-33) Men (n = 58-60)
  Inner urban Suburban Difference Inner urban Suburban Difference
Item Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD p-value Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD Min - max Mean ± SD p-value
1. On the whole 10.03 ± 2.55 4 - 14 10.78 ± 2.95 5 - 15 -0.75 ± 2.87 0.150 8.19 ± 3.61 1 - 15 10.24 ± 2.77 4 - 15 -2.05 ± 3.59 0.000
2. Hinders or stimulates 10.58 ± 2.80 3 - 14 10.85 ± 3.03 1 - 15 -0.27 ± 3.10 0.616 8.90 ± 3.29 3 - 15 10.66 ± 2.65 4 - 15 -1.76 ± 3.47 0.000
3. Exhaust fumes 10.18 ± 3.14 2 - 15 8.61 ± 2.84 3 - 14 1.58 ± 3.84 0.025 9.68 ± 3.00 3 - 15 7.52 ± 3.39 1 - 15 2.17 ± 3.66 0.000
4. Noise 10.06 ± 3.17 3 - 15 8.24 ± 3.10 1 - 14 1.82 ± 3.96 0.013 9.83 ± 2.66 4 - 14 8.52 ± 3.46 1 - 14 1.32 ± 3.59 0.006
5. Flow of motor vehicles 11.73 ± 3.46 3 - 15 9.45 ± 3.75 1 - 15 2.27 ± 4.03 0.003 11.38 ± 2.63 4 - 15 9.53 ± 3.95 1 - 15 1.84 ± 3.75 0.000
6. Speeds of motor vehicles 9.53 ± 2.59 3 - 15 9.59 ± 2.34 3 - 14 -0.06 ± 1.50 0.815 8.92 ± 2.77 1 - 15 9.31 ± 2.76 1 - 15 -0.39 ± 2.28 0.195
7. Speeds of bicyclists 10.15 ± 2.74 4 - 15 9.67 ± 2.57 5 - 15 0.48 ± 2.54 0.281 7.85 ± 2.04 4 - 14 8.55 ± 2.00 1 - 14 -0.70 ± 1.84 0.005
8. Congestion: all types of vehicles 10.63 ± 3.14 2 - 15 7.50 ± 2.63 2 - 12 3.13 ± 3.38 0.000 10.53 ± 3.10 2 - 15 6.53 ± 3.11 1 - 15 4.00 ± 3.69 0.000
9. Congestion: bicyclists 9.61 ± 4.03 2 - 15 6.48 ± 3.35 1 - 13 3.12 ± 4.58 0.000 8.17 ± 3.81 1 - 15 5.15 ± 3.27 1 - 12 3.02 ± 3.93 0.000
10. Conflicts 8.42 ± 3.89 1 - 14 5.70 ± 3.65 1 - 13 2.73 ± 3.78 0.000 8.43 ± 3.97 1 - 15 5.38 ± 3.37 1 - 13 3.05 ± 3.98 0.000
11. Bicycle paths* 7.22 ± 2.27 1 - 10 7.91 ± 2.18 2 - 10 -0.69 ± 3.25 0.240 6.44 ± 2.47 0 - 10 7.46 ± 2.49 1 - 10 -1.02 ± 3.50 0.029
12. Traffic: unsafe or safe 9.42 ± 3.47 3 - 15 11.45 ± 2.59 8 - 15 -2.03 ± 3.04 0.001 8.77 ± 3.22 1 - 15 11.62 ± 2.58 5 - 15 -2.85 ± 3.44 0.000
13. Greenery 8.12 ± 3.45 2 - 15 9.91 ± 3.47 1 - 15 -1.79 ± 4.49 0.029 6.14 ± 3.42 1 - 15 10.20 ± 3.18 1 - 15 -4.07 ± 4.48 0.000
14. Ugly or beautiful 11.42 ± 2.96 5 - 15 11.12 ± 3.04 4 - 15 0.30 ± 3.79 0.649 9.47 ± 3.32 3 - 15 9.18 ± 3.29 3 - 15 0.28 ± 4.78 0.648
15. Course of the route 6.59 ± 3.79 1 - 13 5.38 ± 3.66 1 - 13 1.22 ± 2.62 0.013 7.35 ± 3.24 2 - 14 5.38 ± 3.38 1 - 14 1.97 ± 3.96 0.000
16. Hilliness 5.82 ± 3.81 1 - 13 6.21 ± 3.87 1 - 14 -0.39 ± 3.40 0.510 4.70 ± 3.30 1 - 12 6.52 ± 3.88 1 - 14 -1.82 ± 4.18 0.001
17. Red lights 8.09 ± 4.38 1 - 15 5.33 ± 3.59 1 - 15 2.76 ± 3.64 0.000 7.65 ± 3.93 1 - 14 4.23 ± 3.38 1 - 13 3.42 ± 4.61 0.000
18. Short or long 6.58 ± 2.37 1 - 10 6.91 ± 3.22 1 - 12 -0.33 ± 4.07 0.641 6.45 ± 2.22 2 - 10 7.20 ± 2.48 1 - 12 -0.75 ± 3.14 0.069
  1. *Minimal value = 0 and maximal value = 10.