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Figure 14 | BMC Medical Research Methodology

Figure 14

From: Combining directed acyclic graphs and the change-in-estimate procedure as a novel approach to adjustment-variable selection in epidemiology

Figure 14

Add-one and minus-one patterns for a adjustment-variable set of {Age, Comorbidity index, Type of assistance, Sex} based on DAG in Figure 12 The solid horizontal line is the RD estimate adjusted on this set. The dotted horizontal lines are the pre-defined meaningful change thresholds for an absolute change of ± 0.01 in the RD. The dashed horizontal lines are a relative change of ±10% of the starting RD. The add-one section shows the RD upon adding each variable listed to the adjustment-variable set in turn. The minus-one section shows the RD upon removing each variable listed from the adjustment-variable set in turn.

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