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Table 6 Dimensional scores and regression analyses of demographic variables (standardized beta weights)

From: Quality of life of Chinese urban community residents: a psychometric study of the mainland Chinese version of the WHOQOL-BREF

  Physical Psychological Social relationship Environmental
Means and Range     
Guangzhou (N = 1052)     
   for scales in the Range 4-20 14.56 ± 2.00 13.69 ± 2.23 14.11 ± 2.23 12.33 ± 2.32
   for scales in the Range 0-100 66.00 ± 12.56 60.55 ± 13.96 63.21 ± 13.92 52.04 ± 14.53
Taiwan (N = 13083)a 59.12 ± 13.69 49.43 ± 15.63 56.51 ± 14.28 42.38 ± 14.92
Global (23 countries) (N = 11830)b 16.20 ± 2.90 15.00 ± 2.8 14.30 ± 3.2 13.50 ± 2.60
Zero-order correlations with demographic background   
   Sex (Male = 0, Female = 1) -0.070* -0.079* 0.014 0.050
   Age -0.250** -0.095** -0.094** 0.059
   Marital status (unmarried = 0, married = 1) -0.070* -0.022 -0.026 0.012
   High education (No = 0, Yes = 1)c 0.177** 0.185** 0.131** 0.106**
   Income 0.111** 0.114** 0.078* 0.102**
   Employment status (No = 0, Yes = 1) -0.196** -0.111** -0.101** -0.034
   Chronic illness (No = 0, Yes = 1) -0.221** -0.062* -0.078* 0.018
Regression analyses with demographic background d (standardized beta)   
   Sex (Male = 0, Female = 1) -0.022 -0.064* 0.037 0.044
   Age -0.119** 0.007 -0.007 0.149***
   Marital status (unmarried = 0, married = 1) 0.037 0.044 0.017 0.000
   High education (No = 0, Yes = 1)c 0.071* 0.164*** 0.114*** 0.157***
   Income 0.055 0.072* 0.035 0.091**
   Employment status (No = 0, Yes = 1) 0.096** 0.051 0.076* -0.028
   Chronic illness (No = 0, Yes = 1) -0.144*** -0.027 -0.044 -0.007
  1. a Taiwan data [26]; scores in the range 0-100
  2. b Global domain data adjusted for age and sex [9] using scales in the range 4-20
  3. c High education: with a degree, vocational or other training at or above this level
  4. d Standardized beta in regression equations predicting each quality of life dimension
  5. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001