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Table 3 Relationships between adherence (average and standardized variance) and the CD4 cell count according to the mixed linear model

From: Impact of variability in adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy on the immunovirological response and mortality

Adherence groups Monthly change in CD4 cell count (cells/mm3blood) 95% CI
Reference group* 0.04 -0.93 - 1.01
 Moderate variance 2.43 1.20 - 3.66
 Low variance 2.79 1.24 - 4.34
HsD average adherence 4.28 3.22 - 5.35
 Moderate variance -0.41 -1.44 - 0.63
 Low variance 2.20 1.20 - 3.21
cH average adherence 4.70 3.82 - 5.58
 Moderate variance -0.33 -0.70 - 0.05
 Low variance 0.76 0.26 - 1.25
  1. *Corresponds to the case of DrI average (decreasing then rapidly increasing average adherence) and “High” variance. All the other values correspond to the deviation from this baseline. HsD: high but slowly decreasing average adherence - cH: constantly high average adherence.