Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Characteristics of the Thirty-two Trials

From: Does a "Level I Evidence" rating imply high quality of reporting in orthopaedic randomised controlled trials?

Characteristics No. of Studies (%)
Total No. of RCTs 32 (100%)
First author  
   Surgeon 31 (97%)
   Nonsurgeon 1 (3%)
Epidemiology affiliation  
   Yes 3 (9%)
   No 29 (91%)
Category of trial  
   Fracture treatment 7 (22%)
   Treatment of degenerative disease 11 (34%)
   Drug trial 4 (13%)
   Pain management 0 (0%)
   Other 10 (31%)
Region of body  
   Upper extremity 5 (16%)
   Lower-extremity long bones 2 (6%)
   Spine 2 (6%)
   Hip 5 (16%)
   Knee 9 (28%)
   Foot and ankle 6 (19%)
   Soft tissue 2 (6%)
   DVT 1 (3%)
Number of centres  
   Single 26 (81%)
   Multi 6 (19%)
Funding received  
   Yes 17 (53%)
   No 15 (47%)
Direction of results  
   Positive 24 (75%)
   Negative 8 (25%)
CONSORT  
   Yes 4 (13%)
   No 28 (87%)