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Table 2 Description of the different models. Example code for the models is given in Additional file 2. S ij and C ij represent the sensitivity and specificity of test j in study i

From: A general framework for comparative Bayesian meta-analysis of diagnostic studies

Model Reference standard Model estimation
1 Assumed to be perfect Independent estimation of S ij and C ij
2 Assumed to be perfect Direct comparisons only
3 Assumed to be perfect Direct and indirect comparisons
4 Allowing for imperfect reference standards Hierarchical latent class model
5 Allowing for imperfect reference standards Network-based latent class model