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Table 2 Percentage of population (Pop %) and prevalences observed in 2006 and 2011 (Po) and expected in 2011 (Pe) according to different standardisation models by sex

From: Is recession bad for your mental health? The answer could be complex: evidence from the 2008 crisis in Spain

  2006 2011 2011
  Pop % Po Pop % Po Model 1a Pe Model 2a Pe Model 3a Pe
Men
MHP (95% CI)   14.5 (13.8;15.2)   16.9 (16.0, 17.7) 14.8 (14.0, 15.6) 17.8 (16.9, 8.7) 15.6 (14.8, 16.4)
Age
16–34 41.6 13.6 36.6 14.2 11.9 14.9 12.2
35–49 34.9 15.0 36.6 19.4 16.4 20.8 17.7
50–64 23.5 15.3 26.8 17.0 17.7 18.6 18.7
Household Income
low 11.9 23.1 18.9 28.5 24.6   26.7
average 44.7 13.6 26.3 17.1 15.6   16.1
high 32.5 12.2 28.6 11.6 10.9   11.2
no information 10.9 15.7 26.2 14.1 12.5   14.6
Occupation
Employed 74.9 12.1 61.3 12.0 12.3   12.9
Unemployed 7.6 28.1 20.7 28.4 25.9   28.0
Others 17.5 18.6 18.0 20.2 20.6   21.9
Somatic Illness
yes 56.1 19.0 52.1 21.6   22.5 19.4
no 43.9 8.7 47.9 11.7   11.8 10.8
Limitation
yes 13.1 29.7 10.5 41.2   37.9 37.8
no 86.9 12.2 89.5 13.5   14.8 12.3
Women
MHP (95% CI)   24.4 (23.6, 25.2)   22.6 (21.7, 23.6) 22.3 (21.3, 23.2) 23.4 (22.4, 24.3) 23.3 (22.4, 24.3)
Age
16–34 40.1 21.4 35.6 17.5 17.9 18.9 19.3
35–49 34.8 24.8 36.8 24.0 22.9 24.7 23.8
50–64 25.0 28.6 27.5 27.5 28.4 28.7 29.2
Household Income
low 13.6 36.4 21.1 30.9 30.8   31.9
average 45.4 24.8 25.4 23.6 23.3   24.8
high 28.0 18.6 25.2 17.7 17.6   17.9
no information 13.0 22.7 28.3 19.9 19.7   20.9
Occupation
Employed 52.3 22.1 51.2 18.8 19.0   20.1
Unemployed 10.1 30.1 16.1 30.5 27.4   29.8
Others 37.5 26.1 32.7 24.8 25.3   26.1
Somatic Illness
yes 68.1 29.0 62.2 28.6   28.2 28.4
no 31.9 14.5 37.8 12.9   13.0 12.3
Limitation
yes 15.3 40.1 14.2 48.5   42.8 43.9
no 84.7 21.5 85.8 17.3   19.9 19.6
  1. (a) Model 1 = standardised prevalence by age, household income and occupation
  2. Model 2 = standardised prevalence by age, somatic illness and limitation
  3. Model 3 = standardised prevalence by age, household income, occupation, somatic illness and limitation