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Table 3 Characteristics of women by consistency of reporting IPV over time for women who responded to at least three surveys (N = 10,881)a

From: Longitudinal inconsistency in responses to survey items that ask women about intimate partner violence

Characteristics Consistent later IPV
(OR, 95% CI)
Consistent never IPV
(OR, 95% CI)
Mainly IPV (OR, 95% CI) Mainly no IPV
(OR, 95% CI)
Mixed IPV
(OR, 95% CI)
Area of residence
 Major city 1 1 1 1 1
 Inner regional area 0.85 (0.64, 1.15) 0.82 (0.68, 0.97) 1.17 (0.84, 1.63) 0.93 (0.72, 1.20) 0.92 (0.71, 1.19)
 Outer regional area 0.66 (0.46, 0.96) 0.82 (0.67, 1.02) 0.98 (0.65, 1.47) 1.01 (0.75, 1.36) 0.84 (0.61, 1.16)
 Remote/very remote 0.76 (0.43, 1.33) 0.61 (0.44, 0.85) 0.87 (0.45, 1.68) 0.59 (0.35, 0.99) 0.85 (0.51, 1.41)
Highest qualification
 Less than Year 12 1 1 1 1 1
 Year 12 or equivalent 1.36 (0.96, 1.94) 1.39 (1.11, 1.73) 0.99 (0.65, 1.50) 1.21 (0.88, 1.65) 1.17 (0.85, 1.61)
 Trade/Certificate/Diploma 0.91 (0.64, 1.29) 1.10 (0.90, 1.34) 0.94 (0.65, 1.37) 1.00 (0.75, 1.34) 0.80 (0.59, 1.08)
 University 1.08 (0.71, 1.65) 1.68 (1.32, 2.15) 0.90 (0.56, 1.46) 1.44 (1.03, 2.02) 1.11 (0.78, 1.58)
Relationship status over time
 Remained not separated/divorced 1 1 1 1 1
 Remained separated/divorced 0.58 (0.39, 0.87) 0.14 (0.11, 0.18) 0.86 (0.57, 1.29) 0.29 (0.20, 0.42) 0.88 (0.63, 1.21)
 Became not separated/divorced 0.38 (0.23, 0.64) 0.10 (0.08, 0.13) 0.81 (0.51, 1.28) 0.29 (0.19, 0.43) 0.75 (0.52, 1.08)
 Became separated/divorced 1.28 (0.95, 1.73) 0.20 (0.16, 0.24) 0.87 (0.60, 1.26) 0.41 (0.30, 0.55) 0.90 (0.67, 1.20)
Stressed about partner for at least half of surveys
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 1.65 (0.98, 2.79) 0.47 (0.31, 0.70) 1.32 (0.70, 2.49) 0.86 (0.48, 1.53) 1.34 (0.78, 2.32)
Stressed about income for at least half of surveys
 No 1 1 1 1 1
 Yes 0.88 (0.64, 1.21) 0.37 (0.30, 0.45) 0.94 (0.67, 1.34) 0.63 (0.47, 0.85) 0.84 (0.62, 1.12)
Number of surveys
 6 surveys 1 1 1 1 1
 5 surveys 1.48 (1.04, 2.10) 1.00 (0.81, 1.25) 1.47 (1.01, 2.14) 1.22 (0.90, 1.65) 0.89 (0.66, 1.21)
 3 or 4 surveys 1.41 (1.05, 1.90) 0.69 (0.57, 0.83) 1.11 (0.79, 1.55) 1.14 (0.88, 1.47) 0.26 (0.18, 0.36)
  1. aMultinomial logistic regression with Consistent IPV as reference group (n = 821)