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Table 4 Scenario 2: comparison of bias (bold font), mean square error (normal font) and coverage (italic font) for the different methods to estimate age-standardized net survival. Bias is difference in percentage points

From: Comparison of different approaches to estimating age standardized net survival

  5 years 10 years 15 years
  Internal age standardization
Pohar Perme -0.0933 -0.1534 -0.2379
  0.2962 0.9117 3.9291
  95.3 95.0 91.9
Ederer II 0.7287 1.5199 2.2458
(All Age) 0.7658 2.6261 5.4354
  68.0 24.0 6.1
Ederer II 0.0765 0.1635 0.2229
(Standardized) 0.2629 0.4573 0.8611
  95.5 94.4 94.0
Model Based 0.5519 0.8263 0.9851
(Grouped Age) 0.5429 1.0404 1.5422
  78.0 71.1 73.9
Model Based -0.0008 0.0247 0.0065
(Continuous Age) 0.2626 0.4770 0.8395
  93.9 95.0 95.6
  External age standardization
Pohar Perme -0.0999 -0.1566 -0.2328
  0.329997 1.155575 5.403732
  94.8 93.8 91.1
Ederer II 0.9302 1.9067 2.8049
(Brenner) 1.108253 3.961526 8.269320
  53.1 10.7 1.2
Ederer II 0.1027 0.2123 0.2853
(Standardized) 0.285740 0.526047 1.053368
  96.0 95.2 93.7
Model Based 0.6399 0.9383 1.1026
(Grouped Age) 0.661305 1.271576 1.886520
  75.6 68.0 73.8
Model Based 0.0081 0.0290 0.0074
(Continuous Age) 0.281334 0.558352 1.049332
  94.6 95.5 95.6