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Table 2 Direct effects on hazard of death, admission route and caseload

From: Mechanisms and mediation in survival analysis: towards an integrated analytical framework

Variable Estimate S.E. Est./S.E. p-value
Hazard of death due to colon cancer:     
 Age (/10) 0.299 0.036 8.208 0.000
 Affluence/deprivation (01 metric) -0.596 0.271 -2.200 0.028
 Emergency admission (binary) 0.411 0.084 4.886 0.000
 Stage II (compared to Stage I) 0.639 0.213 2.998 0.003
 Stage III (compared to Stage I) 1.306 0.210 6.211 0.000
 Stage IV (compared to Stage I) 3.193 0.207 15.438 0.000
 Treatment optimality (binary) -0.766 0.106 -7.234 0.000
 High caseload hospital (binary) -0.173 0.071 -2.422 0.015
Admission route via emergency:     
 Intercept 0.241 0.061 3.968 0.000
 Age (/10) 0.023 0.007 3.229 0.001
 Affluence/deprivation (01 metric) -0.302 0.062 -4.849 0.000
 Residual variance 0.170 0.004 38.133 0.000
High caseload hospital:     
 Intercept 0.192 0.074 2.602 0.009
 Age (/10) -0.009 0.008 -1.116 0.264
 Affluence/deprivation (01 metric) 0.576 0.077 7.503 0.000
 Emergency admission (binary) -0.063 0.023 -2.708 0.007
 Residual variance 0.241 0.002 131.164 0.000